From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tennis hardcourt, Curtiss Park, Saline, Michigan

A hardcourt (or hard court) is a surface or floor on which a sport is played, most usually in reference to tennis courts. It is typically made of rigid materials such as asphalt or concrete, and covered with acrylic resins to seal the surface and mark the playing lines, while providing some cushioning.[1][2] Historically, hardwood surfaces were also in use in indoor settings, similar to an indoor basketball court, but these surfaces are rare now.[3]


Tennis hard courts are made of synthetic/acrylic layers on top of a concrete or asphalt foundation and can vary in color. These courts tend to play medium-fast to fast because there is little energy absorption by the court, as with grass courts but unlike clay courts.[4] The ball tends to bounce high and players are able to apply many types of spin during play. Speed of rebound after tennis balls bounce on hard courts is determined by how much sand is in the synthetic/acrylic layer placed on top of the asphalt foundation. More sand will result in a slower bounce due to more friction.[5][6]

Of the Grand Slam tournaments, the US Open and Australian Open currently use hard courts, and it is the predominant surface type used on the professional tour.[7][8]


There are numerous hardcourt maintenance methods which are commonly used to keep these facilities in top condition. Some of these include brushing, pressure washing with a cleaning solution and applying chemical treatments to prevent the growth of moss and algae. Anti-slip paint is also applied to hardcourts to give better playing qualities which enhance player safety and performance.[9]

Prominent brands[edit]

Some prominent brands of hardcourt surfaces used at professional tournaments include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Types of Tennis Courts". SportsByAPT. Advanced Polymer Technology. October 22, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "What type of tennis courts are there and how do they influence the tennis player's game?". ertheo.com. Ertheo. July 17, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...about cushioning...
  3. ^ Newcomb, Tim (September 18, 2015). "WTA Finals in Singapore are played on unique wooden hard court surface". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 2, 2018. Possible wood comeback?
  4. ^ Murray, Judy. "Hard courts take centre stage at the Australian Open and the US Open". BBC Sports. BBC. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "Different Types of Tennis Courts". CoachUp.com. CoachUp, Inc. August 1, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2018. about sand in court to slow it down
  6. ^ Newcomb, Tim (August 21, 2015). "The science behind creating the U.S. Open courts and signature colors". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...layered...cushioned...
  7. ^ Reason, Leigh (April 30, 2005). "Comparison of Tennis Court Surfaces". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...Majors on Hardcourt...
  8. ^ "Tennis Court Surface: Pros And Cons Of The Different Surfaces". OnlineTennisInstruction.com. Florian Meier & Partner GbR. Archived from the original on March 15, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...In the United States Tennis is played primarily on hard courts....
  9. ^ "Choosing a Tennis Surface". 10-s.com. 10-S Tennis Supply. Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Tennis Surface Options". DecoTurf.com. DecoTurf. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  11. ^ "GreenSet Tennis". greenset.net. GreenSet. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  12. ^ "Laykold Tennis Courts". Advanced Ploymer Technology. February 6, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  13. ^ "Plexipave and Plexicushion Tennis Court Surfaces". plexipace.com. Plexipave Tennis Surface Systems. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  14. ^ "SynPave". reboundace.com. ReboundAce Sports. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  15. ^ Pearce, Linda (May 31, 2007). "Open drops Rebound Ace for new surface". The Age. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  16. ^ "SportMaster tennis court surfaces". sportmaster.net. SportMaster Sport Surfaces. April 30, 2005. Retrieved March 2, 2018.

External links[edit]